Sooner or later, you may be thinking of upgrading your home’s heating system. This thought may visit you, because of the desire to make this system more convenient for work, or, for example, if you realize that you pay a lot of money for heating. One way or another, you will need certain equipment for this process. Heating regulators, and more specifically thermostats, can help in this case. Heating regulators is a fairly broad term that includes boilers, timers, thermostats, and many other equipment that will help you control the temperature in your home. Heating controls can be either mechanical, which requires manual connection, or automated, which has the ability to connect to the Internet, adjust parameters automatically and even study your habits.
a thermostat It is a special device that serves to provide and regulate a certain temperature in the room, thereby creating a comfortable environment for living or working. The principle of operation of the thermostat is based on the automatic installation and regulation of certain indicators of room temperature, which are determined by the consumer.
- The use of a thermostat will significantly increase the life of the heating system
- This system will help you greatly Saving Money on heating bills
- Rooms will always be warm and comfortable
- The thermostat will maintain the required minimum indoor temperature when you are away from home
Types of thermostats
According to the technical design, room thermostats can be divided into:
Mechanical thermostats do not contain any electronic components. Its principle of operation is to change the properties of materials under the influence of temperature. Copper powder wax can be used as a material. When this mixture is heated it melts and expands, and this expansion is used to open and close the valve. The advantages of such systems are simplicity and clarity of control, reliability of use, low cost and long service life. Also, these devices have certain drawbacks. This is a low function, the probability of error, the presence of small clicks that appear when voltage is applied to the heaters.
Electromechanical thermostats use a relay as the main device. The thermostat is cylindrical and filled with a heat-sensitive material. When heated, expansion occurs, and when cooled, this substance contracts. A special engine regulates the temperature using an electrical circuit that reacts to a change in the volume of the substance.
The electronic thermostat has a more complex structure than the previous two types. This device is based on a thermal relay, a temperature sensor and a signal transmitter. In general, the principle of operation of this device is the same as mechanical, only the electronic thermostat has a more complex mechanism. The advantages of this type of thermostat include accuracy of temperature detection and adjustment, ease of use, and the possibility of further settings and adjustments.
By function, thermostats can be divided into:
Simple thermostats do not have the ability to make various adjustments. They can only maintain a certain temperature.
Programmable thermostats have functions that allow you to use many different settings for consumer convenience.
Thermostats can be divided into:
Wireless thermostats operate using certain signals from an executive unit equipped with a control unit. An indisputable plus of such thermostats is that you do not need to make holes for wires. But it is also worth noting that the signal strength drops due to the walls.
Wired thermostats maintain contact between units using wires. The power supply is an ordinary home network, and the signal can be transmitted over a distance of more than 50 meters.
Thermostat working principle
If you have an electric or gas boiler in your home or office, you regulate the temperature in the room yourself and manually. You yourself determine the desired temperature directly from the heating source. This procedure has to be done quite often, which takes time and effort and also causes inconvenience. Plus your boiler is constantly running at either full or a large percentage of capacity, because it heats gas or water, not air. Because of this, there are significant cash costs for heating.
When you place the room thermostat and set it to a comfortable temperature, it will regulate the operation of the boiler and maintain the same temperature according to the specified parameters. Indoor air cools much slower than water or gas in a heating system. If you set the setting to 20 degrees, the thermostat will support it in the apartment, but not in the boiler. This is true because while the house temperature is the norm you set, it can drop in the heating system to 15 degrees while the boiler is turned off. Precisely because of the period when the boiler is not working, your money is saved.
Connection and setup tips
It is best to install thermostats in living rooms where the temperature is colder or the room is very crowded. If the installation is done in the kitchen, hallway or closet, false alarms may occur. Also, the thermostat should not be located next to a battery or heater or where sunlight falls on it. Also, you should not place the device in a place where there is an electric current or an electrical device that will interfere.
After connection, the thermostat must be adjusted. This can be done either using the keys on the device, or the touch screen if the thermostat has one. Using the switches, you can set the temperature fluctuation mode, air cooling, heating, the time interval between sensors, and other functions, if any.
Now you know more about the main types of room thermostats, their advantages, and how they work. This means that you can conclude whether this device is needed in your home or not. But if you are already thinking about buying it, then most likely it will not be superfluous and will help get rid of all the inconveniences that bother you.